Past & Present Red Wings Under European Influence

Nowadays, international hockey players in the NHL are commonplace. It’s hard to imagine hockey without the distinct skating style of the Russians or the finesse of the Swedes. The Red Wings, like many teams, have fallen under the influence of the Europeans. Iconic lines dot their history and they have several others in their sites. Though they embrace what the European nations have to offer now, drafting Euros was a risk once upon a time. Tommi Salmelainen was the first ever European drafted in the NHL in 1969 by St. Louis. Following suit, the Red Wings kicked off their Euro-love in 1977 by drafting Dean Willers (UK) and Bjorn Skaare (NOR).

Red Wings Alex Delvecchio
Rangers Harry Howell vs Red Wings Alex Delvecchio

The Red Wings took a risk drafting Willers and Skaare. Up until that point, Canadians and Americans dominated the league. By 1977, the Red Wings had missed six consecutive playoffs and were in need of a drastic change. Even under the leadership of Red Wings great Alex Delvecchio, Detroit was limping a lot more than they’d care to. They plummeted in the standings, well below the .500 mark. Drafting Europeans was risky given that it was a new concept and their style was far different. It was a risk Detroit was willing to take. Though neither player completed a full season with Detroit – Skaare only played one game – it was the start of a lasting relationship with European hockey.

Petr Klima Sparks Red Wings Euro-Love

The impact of Europeans within the Red Wings organization wasn’t instantly visible. In fact, besides Ladislav Svozil, a Czechoslovakian drafted in 1978, Detroit avoided Europeans altogether. Maintaining their former pattern, the Red Wings stayed within the Canadian and US borders for their talent until 1983.

Petr Klima entered the scene 86th overall in the 1983 NHL Entry Draft, acquired from the Czech National Team. The successful Czech native sparked Detroit’s curiosity for international talent once more. Selecting six European-natives in the 1984 draft and four in the 1985 draft, Detroit made it evident that the Euro-rage was here to stay. While stock-piling international draft picks, Detroit called upon their first.

Klima stepped foot onto NHL ice for the first time in 1985. Though the Red Wings didn’t make the playoffs that season, Klima posted a very encouraging 56 points in 74 games. Klima’s success with the organization bolstered the struggling team’s morale and further justified their other selections. Klima spent six seasons with Detroit, one with the Adirondack Red Wings, Detroit’s AHL affiliate at the time. Though he moved on to other teams, Klima’s success followed him throughout the majority of his 786-game professional playing career.

Henrik Zetterberg
Courtesy Wikimedia Commons

Red Wings Stock-Pile European Talent

Since Klima, the Red Wings have selected at least one European during the entry draft every year. Though many don’t ever end up seeing ice time, the initial influence of international hockey is irreversible. As the seasons progressed, Detroit relied more heavily on Swedish, Finnish, Czech and Russian influence. International scouts were working full-time to track down the best the European leagues had to offer, shrugging off the skeptical onlookers.

Especially in Detroit’s case, the Europeans brought a lot of skill and speed to the ice,” said Dennis Schellenberg, Head European Scout for Future Considerations, “The Red Wings were fortunate enough to have some of the top European hockey players in their roster and they were leading the winged wheel to glorious times among other players. Detroit’s scouts never cared at stereotypes and always drafted the players they thought were the best when on the clock. This has led them to some really late steals in the draft for years.”

How Swede It Is

Jet-setting into the future, Detroit, along with the rest of the league, has fully embraced the enormous pool of talent across the Atlantic. Europeans currently make up 27.3% of active NHL players. Though Canada still holds the majority at 45.3%, there is no denying the impact the Europeans have on the way the game is played. Over the last five seasons, the Wings have been galvanized by Swedes, Czechs and everything in between. Prior to his career-ending concussions, the brute force of Johan Franzen along with the calm leadership of countrymen Henrik Zetterberg and Niklas Kronwall comprised the face of the Red Wings for the younger generation.

Frans Nielson
Frans Nielsen (Kim Klement-USA TODAY Sports)

Upon Lidstrom’s departure, Zetterberg quickly assumed his role as captain and hasn’t stopped impressing. “What he did and still is doing is simply incredible. What a player,” said Schellenberg of Zetterberg’s impact as a player. Finishing the 2017-18 season with 960 career points, Zetterberg’s influence is undeniable. Joined by Martin Frk, Frans Nielsen, Xavier Ouellet and formerly Tomas Tatar, the Red Wings have continued benefiting from the European infiltration.

IIHF Discourages Excessive European Draftees

The International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) has produced some of the most promising prospects in recent years, which stacks the odds in favor of increasing European presence in the NHL. A study done by the IIHF, however, deems the excessive use of European players in the US as a growing issue rather than having an overall positive impact, “NHL clubs sign too many European players of marginal talent (graded three and lower) who go on to play insignificant roles in the NHL. Such players take an NHL or minor league roster spot which could be filled with a North American player of equal value while the European player in question is a significant loss for his European club.” The study goes on to say that, “A lengthy stay in the minor leagues does not improve a player’s chance for a successful NHL career.”

Jesperi Kotkaniemi Team Finland
Jesperi Kotkaniemi of the Finland Nationals follows the play against the Russian Nationals during the 2018 Under-18 Five Nations Tournament game at USA Hockey Arena on February 14, 2018 in Plymouth, Michigan. Russia defeated Finland 4-0. (Photo by Dave Reginek/Getty Images)

The NHL currently harbors roughly a 70/30 ratio of European to North American players. International studies show that more than 40% of the European skaters end up returning to the IIHF or other international leagues before ever reaching their 400 NHL game mark.

In light of these facts, how heavily dependent on overseas talent should the Wings remain? The upcoming draft is loaded with international talent. According to Schellenberg, “…Adam Boqvist is the top defenceman eligible. Forwards-wise, the top picks would be Jesperi Kotkaniemi, Rasmus Kupari, and Grigori Denisenko,” however, is it worth drafting European skaters who will likely not reach the NHL within the next two to three seasons (if not more)?

Detroit Increasing European Talent Pool

The Red Wings think so. Picking European and North American skaters each draft, Detroit is creating a balance at both the AHL and NHL levels. Despite the statistics, Chris Ilitch is putting all faith in Red Wings general manager Ken Holland to continue to develop the winning culture he was initially credited with fostering in seasons past. Ilitch, Governor of the Detroit Red Wings, is confident that the existing development method is as it should be, “He has done a tremendous job over the last few seasons acquiring high draft picks,” stated Ilitch, “… creating a tremendous opportunity to supplement our current roster and core of young players with additional high-end prospects.”

The European influence on the Red Wings is unmistakable. Over the last few seasons, the Red Wings have experienced the elite talent pool that comes from international leagues. Though a great majority of international skaters never reach the NHL level, the lasting impression left with the Wings ever since Klima is one that will never be shaken. Initially resulting in uncertainty and little benefit, the Wings took the risk and have since reaped the reward. If they are able to harness the full potential of existing and future international skaters, the Red Wings could once again be a powerhouse European-led team.