The Toronto Maple Leafs Salary Cap Loophole

In the cap world of the NHL every team should be looking at every market inefficiency possible to try and maximize the advantage for their team. Being able to exploit loopholes and finding these advantages within the Collective Bargaining Agreement (CBA) is very critical within the scope of today’s NHL. The long term contracts, with minimal payments at the end, under the previous CBA that General Managers would often give top end talent is an example of this. With that loophole closed teams are always on the lookout for others.

The Toronto Maple Leafs have been very good at exploiting a few this summer: the first being that there is no cap on salaries you can spend in the front office and they seemingly spent wisely this summer with the acquisitions of Brendan Shanahan, Kyle Dubas, Cam Charron, Darryl Metcalf, Rob Pettapiece and Mark Hunter.  [If you like this post you can get more just like it sent for free to your Inbox. Just signup here for our weekly Newsletter.]

The second is an interesting concept written about by Draglikepull on PensionPlanPuppets. The full details of this tactics can be found here. The summary of the article is that the Toronto Maple Leafs are in a unique situation in that they are only 2 kilometres from their AHL Affiliate the Toronto Marlies. They are able to exploit this advantage by finding ways to maximize their money spent towards the salary cap.

The way the salary cap is calculated is on a daily basis based on money spent towards salary in that 24 hour period. Theoretically if you could reduce your roster temporarily to the league minimum you can reduce the money being spent by a few thousand dollars a day. If you can do this consistently over the season you could save your team a couple hundred thousand which can help your team as they approach the trade deadline and are looking to pick up some higher end talent.

This is what the Toronto Maple Leafs are doing; by consistently shuffling Stuart Percy, and more recently Sam Carrick, between the NHL and the AHL they are saving over $4,000 a day which could lead to over $185,000 in the course of a full season.  This only works with players who are waiver eligible and you have to manage your assets by not agering them by paying them an AHL wage every second day.

Screenshot of Toronto Marlies AHL Transactions Toronto Marlies Transactions Screenshots

The questions then become: can other teams do this and is it allowed?

The first question becomes a matter of distance. I’ve compiled a full list of NHL and AHL affiliates and the distances between them updated from the work done by WannaTalkHockey, this can be seen below. In order for teams to be able to move their players between their AHL affiliate and their NHL home club they need to be a reasonable distance apart so that call-ups do not take an un-reasonable time to move between the clubs.

NHL AHL Distance
Toronto Maple Leafs Toronto Marlies 1.9 miles
Boston Bruins Providence Bruins 50.2 miles
Philadelphia Flyers Leigh Valley Phantoms 67 miles
New York Islanders Bridgeport Sound Tigers 68.3 miles
Buffalo Sabres Rochester Americans 73.7 miles
Chicago Blackhawks Rockford IceHogs 85.9 miles
New York Rangers Hartford Wolf Pack 117 miles
Washington Capitals Hershey Bears 130 miles
New Jersey Devils Albany Devils 147 miles
Detroit Red Wings Grand Rapids Griffins 157 miles
Carolina Hurricanes Charlotte Checkers 164 miles
Dallas Stars Texas Stars 184 miles
Minnesota Wild Iowa Wild 249 miles
Pittsburgh Penguins Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Penguins 265 miles
Ottawa Senators Binghamton Senators 267 miles
St. Louis Blues Chicago Wolves 306 miles
Montreal Canadiens Hamilton Bulldogs 379 miles
Nashville Predators Milwaukee Admirals 567 miles
Columbus Blue Jackets Springfield Falcons 698 miles
Tampa Bay Lightning Syracuse Crunch 1268 miles
Colorado Avalanche Lake Erie Monsters 1332 miles
Florida Panthers San Antonio Rampage 1356 miles
Edmonton Oilers Oklahoma City Barons 1760 miles
Calgary Flames Addirondack Flames 2507 miles
Anaheim Ducks Norfolk Admirals 2703 miles
Phoenix Coyotes Portland Pirates 2734 miles
Vancouver Canucks Utica Comets 2923 miles
Los Angeles Kings Manchester Monarchs 3014 miles
San Jose Sharks Worcester Sharks 3094 miles
Winnipeg Jets St. John`s IceCaps 3358 miles

If we assume that 2.5 hours to travel by vehicle, between the two clubs, is the maximum reasonable distance then there should be 10 clubs who could exploit this cap loophole: Toronto, Boston, Philadelphia, New York, Buffalo, Chicago, New York, Washington, New Jersey, and Detroit.

The other question then becomes, is this allowed. More specifically, do you physically have to move your players between the clubs and have them physically report? When reviewing the CBA the most relevant section I could find was:

14.8 Reporting Time. A Transferred Player shall be afforded a reasonable time-frame in which to report to his new Club or minor league club.

There was nothing in the CBA stating that a player must physically report to their minor league team. This makes sense as one-day moves do happen often to help get around the 23 man roster limit as well as trade deadline paper transactions to keep players eligible for the AHL playoffs.

When I took this topic to twitter I got various answers that said both players do and do not have to physically report to their clubs, even for these minor moves. Everyone was reporting they heard from second-hand sources but no one could pinpoint an exact source saying physical reporting was required. NHL teams can suspend their players for not showing, and clubs can reduce their salary for not showing up to training camp, but if the team is telling a player to not physically move then I doubt they would suspend their player.

The league can suspend players for off-ice actions; this might fall under that scenario though I would suspect the league would punish the teams if this were not allowed. There were some second-hand reports of the NHL auditing teams to make sure this does not happen, but again there were no sources identified.

If this is not allowed, that still leaves around 10 teams who could be employing this method to help save cap space but are choosing not to. This seems like mismanagement to myself to not be exploiting advantages to give your club the best possible chance. The teams who are operating the cap roof are less likely to be worried about the other associated costs with moving their players so I am surprised this is not being exploited more often.

It’s good on Toronto’s part to be doing what they can to be as competitive as possible. I would not be surprised to see other teams follow suit until the league closes the loophole in the next NHL lockout.


Thanks to those who participated in discussion on twitter on this subject: @NYRUnlimited, @RAWagman, @drivingplay, @steveburtch, @jeffler, @ericrsports, @mlse, @draglikepull

3 thoughts on “The Toronto Maple Leafs Salary Cap Loophole”

  1. Not really a loophole. Above all else they only save 140k, that’s not even enough for a big league contract.

  2. Really, in 2014 this is suddenly considered a loophole? Teams have been doing this since Philadelphia started doing it in the 2006-07 by assigning players to the Phantoms … which just so happened to be located across the street. It’s called “managing cap space.”

    A “loophole in the salary cap” would be how teams can sign players to contracts whose cumulative cap hits exceed the Upper Limit, but can get a portion of it exempted by parking guys in the minors where the first $925,000 doesn’t count – and how teams can (and in due time, will) exploit that to get around the cap to pay players more for being in the NHL than they incur against the cap over the life of a contract.

  3. I’m pretty sure I read an article about Lombardi doing this in LA a few seasons back and flying players across the country to save cap space. Couldn’t find it when I looked for it though.

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